These were asked and seated to complete a VAS to subjectively measure their level of congestion, rhinorrhea, itch, and nasal comfort and ease. This contains a 100mm horizontal range representing a spectrum between two extremes. The subjects were instructed to mark a single vertical line though the horizontal line ranking the subjective nasal sensation at that present time. The distance to the mark was measured from the still left side of the scale in millimeters. The subjects were asked to put 0 then.1 ml of wasabi paste on their anterior tongue and asked to dissolve it within their mouth area while breathing through their nose and mouth.Published today in the journal Nature Communications, the researchers at the University of Adelaide have identified an integral protein involved in a 'super-inflammatory' immune response that drives the progression of MS and various other autoimmune diseases. The protein is a particular 'chemokine receptor' involved in moving the body's immune response cells, the T-cells, around your body if they are in the super-inflammatory mode needed to fight persistent infections or conversely, as in the full case of autoimmune diseases like MS, attacking the body's own tissues. This chemokine receptor, called CCR2, can be a different receptor than was widely assumed to be involved.